What to Consider When Installing a Kitchen Island

What to Consider When Installing a Kitchen Island

With careful planning, an island can become the aesthetic and functional center of your kitchen. It can allow you to make use of the space in new ways while also serving as the focal point of your kitchen's style. Islands installed without careful planning, however, can bungle the entire design of the space. Perhaps its style doesn't match that of its surroundings, or maybe it doesn't allow enough room for easy passage and the opening of kitchen cabinets. Either way, the result is that the addition of an island has actually made your kitchen less enjoyable to be in. Not to worry, though - mishaps of this nature can be easily avoided so long as you keep the following factors in consideration.


This is the determination you'll need to make before you even decide on installing an island - whether your kitchen is big enough to support one. That determination, however, goes beyond merely seeing whether the island will fit in the space. You'll also need to figure out whether there'll be enough clearance space in your kitchen after installation to allow for easy and unencumbered movement. Generally speaking, you'll want there to be three feet of room between your island and the cabinets/walls/appliances/etc. that surround it. Keep in mind, however, that every kitchen and every homeowner is different. If your existing kitchen cabinets make use of wide doors (i.e., the kind that might bang against the island's cabinet doors when both are open), you may need to leave more space to account for that. Likewise, if your kitchen is typically full of activity - or if those who work within it are on the larger side - you'll appreciate the extra breathing room given by the additional clearance space.

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Though perhaps not as important as space considerations, the design of your island will have a tremendous impact on the overall style of the room. That's because an island is almost always located in the center of the kitchen, where the eye is naturally drawn. A successfully-designed island can tie together a space's aesthetic; an unsuccessfully-designed one can make its aesthetic muddy or confused.

Installing a kitchen island the right wayThe considerations you'll have to make in this area will be highly dependant on whether you're designing a kitchen from scratch or adding an island to an existing space. If it's the former, you may consider using a more expensive and/or striking material for the countertop of the island and a less expensive yet complementary material for the countertops that surround it. As mentioned, onlookers' eyes are going to be drawn to the island anyway. If you use the best material on the countertop that'll garner the most attention, you can save a great deal of money on the material used on those in the background.

If you're adding an island to an existing kitchen, your first priority should be integration. The material you choose for the island's countertop and the styling of its cabinetry should both be determined by what best complements the existing decor. There is, of course, nothing wrong with using a top-quality countertop material in this scenario. Just be certain that said material works with your kitchen's style and that it's not chosen simply because it's expensive. Be sure to give the smaller details of your island (such as its trim or the hardware of its cabinets) their due consideration, too. Though they may seem unimportant in the grand scheme of things, they'll stick out like a sore thumb if they clash with the details of your existing decor.


Adding an island to your kitchen means more than just adding to its design - it means boosting the functionality of the space. Perhaps you'd like an additional stovetop to aid in the creation of bigger meals, or maybe you just need a comfortable space for friends and family to gather. This is a consideration that you'll have to make in concert with the decisions regarding space as described above, as islands can take up more or less room depending on what they've been outfitted with. An island dedicated to cleaning, for example, will typically hold a sink, dishwasher and space for dishes to dry. Combined, those elements take up significantly more room than those common to a cooking island (typically, just a stovetop and a landing space).

By comparison, installing an island simply to provide entertaining space allows you more flexibility in sizing that island. There are, however, still a few important guidelines that should be kept in mind when deciding on width, height and depth. Expert designers recommend providing 24 inches of width for every chair you plan on pairing with the island to ensure that every person who sits at its counter gets plenty of personal space. The depth of the overhang, meanwhile, is dependant on the height of your counter. Those same experts recommend a depth of 18 inches for a 30-inch-high counter, 15 inches for a 36-inch-high counter, and 12 inches for a 42-inch high counter.

When choosing counter height, consider the typical reason why you'd have guests gathered at the island. If it's meant to be used as a breakfast nook, a shorter counter is a better choice as it makes eating more comfortable. If it's meant to spur socialization, a taller counter is likely a superior option as it'll allow your guests to easily put up their elbows and otherwise lean as they like.


A kitchen island is an exciting addition to a home, one that can add tremendous value both financial and aesthetic. Though the installation and design process has its share of pitfalls that first-time designers often fall into, we're confident that reading this guide has given you the information you need to create an island that'll perfectly suit the needs and style of your kitchen. If you have any further questions regarding kitchen design, please feel free to get in touch with one of our friendly and helpful customer service representatives.

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What is the purpose of a kitchen island?

The purposes of a kitchen island are many. Kitchen islands can serve as an informal dining area, additional food prep space, and provide more cabinet space within the kitchen.

Does a kitchen island add value?

Kitchen islands add value to the resale of a home because not only are they functional, they can also add to the aesthetic of the space.

What is the best size for kitchen island?

The best size for a kitchen island depends on how much space your kitchen has. An island that is too small for a space won't be functional, and one that is too large might cause a disruption of workflow. The recommended width of a kitchen island is 42". If the kitchen is too small for an island, consider a movable kitchen island or a peninsula.

Can you put an island in a 10x10 kitchen?

You can put an island in a 10x10 kitchen, but it may serve more as a design item rather than a functional piece of the kitchen. If it's an L-shaped 10x10 kitchen, an island would be more functional, but a 10x10 U-shaped kitchen would be served better with a peninsula rather than an island.


Can I make my own kitchen island?

You can absolutely make your own kitchen island, especially if you want to save some money. You can buy stock cabinetry, or cabinetry that matches the rest of the kitchen. Or, your home-made island doesn't need to have cabinetry at all, making this the easiest and least-expensive option but it may not match the kitchen as well.


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